Encyclopedia of Islands

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Cuba

Cuba is the largest island of the Antilles (110,860 km2). It is a long and relatively narrow island organized into areas of high mountains surrounded by lowlands. In the past, these lowland areas were flooded by rising sea levels, and Cuba was fragmented into as many as three separate islands. The main island is fringed along the north and south coasts by small islands and cays that are protected from invasive species and are rich in biodiversity. Off the south coast is the Isle of Youth, itself a complex island formed of two parts, which is especially rich in biodiversity. Overall, the Cuban Bank, with its diversity of habitats and smaller islands, contains the most complex and varied biota in the Antilles. Cuba has the largest number of educational and conservation programs, and the status of the islands biota is therefore in better overall shape than any other island in Antilles.

Cuba